After viewing the lessons for this unit and doing all the readings, answer the following questions in your Discussion for this unit/module.
The questions are:
Ethics and Religion – Is religion a good way to know right from wrong? If so, how does it work? Do sacred texts give good moral advice? Does the natural law lead us toward how God would want us to live (if there is a God)? Describe Plato’s “Euthyphro Problem” and how religionists can get around that critique of using religion in ethics.
Human Nature – What does Egoism and the Social Contract say about human nature? Are we good or evil, selfless or selfish, at heart? And what should we do about it? Use Hobbes as a conversation partner, either for or against him.
Consequences – What makes an action right or wrong? Is an action right or wrong depending on its consequences? Or does it depend on the motive behind it? Contrast utilitarians and Kant on the question of whether an actions consequences make it right or wrong, and pick a side. Make a case for either Kant or Bentham/Mill.
Remember: As you answer, don’t forget to do the following:
Your initial reply should be at least 300 words.
Your replies to TWO of your classmates must be at least 150 words each.
Support your ideas with the sources – the course texts, the lessons, relevant web research, etc.
Cite all sources properly in either MLA, APA, or Chicago style (I don’t care which). But whatever method you use, remember to cite using page numbers.
Proof-read your writing so that there are no typographical errors or mechanical problems (grammar, spelling, punctuation, etc.).
Keep your remarks “substantive.” Comments like “Good job!” or “I totally agree…” will not earn credit. Your comment must show that you have reflected on the post and added you own interpretation, critique, or questions. Comments may or may not be critical, but they will always be respectful and on topic.