Complete a four-part assessment in which you will compute values, prepare journal entries, and provide written explanations. Introduction Note: An accounting cycle requires specific steps that need to be executed in a sequence. The assessments in this course are presented in sequence and must be completed in order. Companies must present financial information to the investment community that provides a clear picture of present and potential tax obligations and tax benefits. Companies spend a considerable amount of time and effort to minimize their income tax payments—and with good reason. Income taxes are major costs of doing business for most business organizations, regardless of the form of ownership. Leasing of an asset has been around for many years, especially in the private sector. Individuals have utilized this form of asset acquisition for the purchase of realty, personal property, and even services. It has allowed them to acquire assets for little or no money down, use the asset for a determinable period of time, and then simply return the asset and terminate the lease agreement. Today, leasing of capital assets is the fastest growing form of capital investment for corporations. It allows businesses to acquire large high-dollar assets with little or no responsibility for their maintenance and allows them to trade those assets in for newer models at the end of the lease. Consequently, accounting procedures for handling these transactions has undergone significant change over the last 25 years. Preparation
Overview Note: Do not proceed with this assessment until you have reviewed faculty feedback on Assessment 4. This assessment has four parts. The Assessment 5 Data Sheet contains the necessary information for all four parts. Record your answers in the Assessment 5 Template. Submit the completed template for this assessment. Both documents are linked in the Resources under the Required Resources heading. Imagine your boss has handed you four client files to complete by end of day. However, several of the clients require written explanations of your reasoning. Part 1: Temporary Differences Use the information for Part 1 in the Assessment 5 Data Sheet to complete the following:
Prepare the journal entry to record income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and income tax payable for 2016, 2017, and 2018.
Indicate how deferred taxes will be reported on the 2018 balance sheet, assuming there were no temporary differences prior to 2016. Sharp’s product warranty is for 12 months.
Explain your reasoning. Use the blank area in the template following the journal entries to make your notes.
Prepare the income tax expense section of the income statement for 2018, beginning with the line “Pretax financial income.”
Where appropriate, show all calculations leading to the final solution. Part 2: Carryback and Carryforward Use the information in Part 2 of the Assessment 5 Data Sheet to complete the following:
Prepare the journal entries for the years 2015-2019 to record income tax expense and the effects of the net operating loss carrybacks and carryforwards assuming Bryan Clark Company uses the carryback provision.
All income and losses relate to normal operations. (In recording the benefits of a loss carryforward, assume that no valuation account is deemed necessary.)
Where appropriate, show all calculations leading to the final solution. Part 3: Lessee Entries: Capital Lease Use the information in Part 3 of the Assessment 5 Data Sheet to complete the following:
Identify and explain the type of lease. Use the blank area in the template following the journal entries to make your notes.
Compute the present value of the minimum lease payments.
Prepare all necessary journal entries for Southern for this lease through January 1, 2019.
Where appropriate, show all calculations leading to the final solution. Part 4: Lessee-Lessor Entries: Sales-Type Lease Use the information in Part 4 of the Assessment 5 Data Sheet to complete the following:
Discuss the nature of this lease to Capital and Hinton. Use the blank area in the template following the journal entries to make your notes.
Calculate the amount of the annual rental payment.
Prepare all the necessary journal entries for Hinton for 2018.
Prepare all the necessary journal entries for Capital for 2018.
Where appropriate, show all calculations leading to the final solution. Competencies Measured By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment scoring guide criteria:
Competency 1: Define financial accounting conventions to support practice as a professional in the field.
Apply tax rates to temporary differences.
Analyze carryback and carryforward issues.
Competency 3: Evaluate economic resources for an enterprise.